Dog Breeds

Pomeranian Spitz

  • Breed Overview

    Frequency of shedding



    Interaction with kids

    Compatibility with other pets

    Attitude towards family

    Social behavior

    Training level


    Activity rate

    Physical activity requirements

    Barking tendencies

    Breathing concerns

Dog Breeds

Pomeranian Spitz

The smallest representative of the Spitz breed, the Pomeranian, at first glance, resembles a miniature fox. Along with their charming looks, these important members of the family also have unique personalities. So, if you are looking for an active and energetic companion, the Pomeranian Spitz is the perfect choice for you!

One of the most unique features of the Pomeranian is its fluffy tail, which curls over the back and adds even more bulk to this beloved pet. Tiny Pomeranians are characterized by a bold and lively temperament, so excessive barking can become a problem for apartment dwellers. Nevertheless, with proper socialization and training, these playful dogs make an excellent companion.

The Main Characteristics:

  • Curiosity
  • Courage 
  • Loving nature 
  • Sociability 
  • Active vocalization
  • Playfulness 
  • Intelligence
  • Vigilance
  • Detailed Information


    The height of the Pomeranian Spitz ranges from 20 to 24 centimeters. As for other physical data, the length of these important family members doesn’t exceed 24-28 centimeters.


    Individual cases of Pomeranian weight vary according to genetics, diet, and health. However, these important members of the family usually weigh between 1.4 kilograms and 3.2 kilograms.


    The life expectancy of a Pomeranian ranges from 12 to 16 years and is equivalent to about 64-80 years of human life. However, remember, these numbers are only conditional, and the life expectancy of your important family member depends on his healthy lifestyle and harmonious living environment.


    Pomeranian Spitz is proud of long fluffy fur. Grooming these important family members every other day is highly advised. If a fine comb or a rough brush is used, their fur coat can be easily damaged, so a wide-toothed comb is ideal for this procedure. Pomeranian spitz fur is distinguished by a variety of colors. However, you will find them mostly in white, beige, gray, brown, and black colors.

  • Pomeranian Personality

    The Pomeranian Spitz is a lively and energetic companion animal. It is particularly loyal to its family, often forming a strong bond with just one person. Pomeranians love spending time with their loved ones and never shy away from playtime.

    Despite their affectionate nature and enthusiastic attitude, care must be taken when playing with a Pomeranian. Beneath their fluffy fur lies a tiny, rather fragile body. But still, surprisingly, like the Chihuahua, the Pomeranian is an excellent watchdog. It is characterized by active vocalization and is ready to inform you immediately about any unexpected event.

    Due to their adaptable nature and compact size, Pomeranians can live in any size home. Regardless of your lifestyle and living conditions, these important family members will always feel right at home. Although the Pom is friendly and gets along with everyone, it is too delicate for active families with young children. 

    Despite their small size, Pomeranians need regular exercise. They are very intelligent and enjoy learning from instructions. Poms generally get along well with other pets, although care should be taken when keeping any miniature breed with larger breeds. 

    The Pomeranian has a wonderful temperament. Being around him is a real pleasure. Due to their alertness and small size, they are also excellent companions for the elderly. However, if you like quiet, or have sensitive neighbors due to active vocalizations, they may not be the right companion for you.

  • Potential Health Problems

    Knee Cap Dislocation 

    Dislocation of the kneecap is a hereditary problem. To avoid the discomfort caused by this problem, it is necessary to exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight. A balanced intake of lean meats, eggs, high-quality protein, calcium, and phosphorus will help your important family members develop muscles properly. 

    Corrective surgery may be necessary to correct severe cases of knee cap dislocation. However, a regular visit to veterinary clinics will detect early signs of kneecap dislocation and allow you to take appropriate measures at an early stage of the disease’s development.

    Trachea Collapse 

    Due to their small size and delicate tracheal structure, the Pomeranian may be prone to tracheal collapse. This genetic disease causes the narrowing of the tracheal rings. The disease is accompanied by symptoms such as chronic cough, shortness of breath, and lack of oxygen caused by physical exertion or emotional excitement. Symptoms associated with the disease may be caused by inhaling chemicals, a tight collar, or trauma to the neck.

    Working closely with your veterinarian, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and maintaining a quiet living environment is a smart way to manage the disease.


    Syringomyelia causes a fluid-filled cyst to form in the spinal cord. The disease disrupts communication between the brain and the body and manifests itself in symptoms such as weakness, sensitivity to temperature, muscle atrophy, rashes, and pain in the neck. Symptoms usually develop slowly and appear late in the course of the disease. 

    Delay in treatment may cause irreversible damage to the spinal cord. That is why, we recommend that you consult a veterinarian as soon as the first symptom appears and evaluate the health of the companion animal’s spine with appropriate diagnostic tests.  


    Hydrocephalus causes an increase in the amount of fluid in the skull and the expansion of the ventricles of the brain. The disease causes an increase in the size of the skull, severe pain, and vomiting. Diagnosing hydrocephalus is a complex process and requires clinical examinations along with active communication with the veterinarian. Depending on whether the disease is congenital or acquired, it is treated with drugs or surgery. 


    Alopecia refers to the loss of hair from certain parts of the companion animal’s body. The cause of the disease may be a genetic factor, thyroid gland pathology, or psychological stress. 

    Early diagnosis is especially important to restore the natural hair growth process. With proper treatment, the fur will return to its natural color and shape within a few months. At first, the hair may grow thin and white, but it will harden over time.

  • Nutrition & Feeding

    Due to their fast metabolism and small stomachs, miniature dogs need frequent but small portions. With that in mind, when choosing food for your Pomeranian, you need to consider its age, lifestyle, activity level, physiological state, health, and food sensitivities. 

    Some representatives of the breed are prone to gaining excess weight. To avoid this concern, pay special attention and keep an eye on how much food your furry friend gets during the day. Regular weight monitoring and meal planning can help prevent obesity-related health problems. 

    The requirements of a Pomeranian puppy in terms of the need for energy, proteins, minerals, and vitamins significantly exceed the needs of an adult dog. Therefore, they need food specially designed for puppies. Discussing the nutritional needs of your important family member with a nutritionist is a wise decision. Remember, consulting a professional is the guarantee of a healthy and happy life for your companion animal.

  • History of Origin

    The Pomeranian Spitz was deliberately bred through a progressive reduction in size and was named after the area in northeastern Europe that is now part of Poland and West Germany. 

    The popularity of these important family members was largely due to the efforts of Queen Victoria. The queen of England met the breed while visiting Italy and took it to her homeland for selection. With Victoria’s decision, the size of the Pomeranian was significantly reduced, and the popularity of the breed increased greatly, resulting in the breed becoming a favorite companion of aristocrats. 

    Even the famous British artist Thomas Gainsborough often depicted Pomeranian Spitz in his paintings. However, the connection of these beloved companions to art doesn’t end there. Mozart also had a Pomeranian Spitz known as Pimperley. In the process of painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, Pomeranian was the breed that accompanied Michelangelo.