Dog Breeds

Scottish Terrier

  • Breed Overview

    Frequency of shedding



    Interaction with kids

    Compatibility with other pets

    Attitude towards family

    Social behavior

    Training level


    Activity rate

    Physical activity requirements

    Barking tendencies

    Breathing concerns

Dog Breeds

Scottish Terrier

Scottish Terriers are often described as brave, loyal, and serious, and it is this charming combination of qualities that makes this valuable companion an important member of the family. The thoughtful nature and independent personality characteristic of the species rarely leave dog lovers indifferent. Despite their small size, Scottish Terriers often exhibit confidence and courage, making them excellent guard dogs. Their loyalty to their family knows no bounds.

The Main Characteristics:

  • Independence
  • Alertness
  • Courage
  • Devotion
  • High intelligence
  • Stubbornness
  • Confidence
  • Territorial behavior
  • Detailed Information


    Female and male Scottish Terriers typically stand between 25 and 28 centimeters in height. In terms of length, both females and males measure between 56 and 58 centimeters.


    The weight of Scottish Terriers can vary based on factors such as genetics, diet, and overall health. Typically, adult male and female Scottish Terriers weigh between 8 and 10 kilograms.


    The life expectancy of a Scottish Terrier ranges from 12 to 15 years and is equivalent to about 64-76 years of human life. However, remember, these figures are only conditional, and the life expectancy of your important family member depends on his healthy lifestyle and harmonious living environment.


    The dense double fur coat gives the Scottish Terrier a distinctive look. However, its real purpose is more important and aims to protect the breed from harsh weather conditions. Regular grooming is required to maintain the health of the Scottish Terrier’s coat.

  • Scottish Terrier Personality

    The Scottish Terrier is a resilient and courageous companion which is known for its stubborn yet loyal nature. While training may pose challenges due to their independent personality, they excel as watchdogs and adapt well to cold climates. With innate territorial instincts, these compact dogs often display unwavering loyalty and affection towards their loved ones. They exercise limitations around strangers and wholeheartedly protect their companions.

    Scottish Terriers are highly intelligent and require patience and consistency in training. With proper guidance and socialization, they turn into charming companions who embody a unique blend of self-assurance, bravery, and devotion.

  • Potential Health Problems

    Kneecap Dislocation

    Dislocation of the kneecap is a hereditary problem. To avoid the discomfort caused by this problem, it is necessary to exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight. Corrective surgery may be necessary to correct severe cases of knee cap dislocation. However, regular veterinary check-ups will detect early signs of kneecap dislocation and allow you to take appropriate measures at an early stage of the disease’s development.

    A balanced intake of lean meats, eggs, high-quality protein, calcium, and phosphorus will help your important family members develop muscles properly.

    Von Willebrand’s Disease

    Von Willebrand’s disease causes prolonged and excessive bleeding. As a rule, this condition is inherited, however, in rare cases, it develops later in life. The cause of the disease is the deficiency of the most important protein involved in blood clotting. Treatment of von Willebrand disease with medical intervention aims to prevent bleeding episodes. With the right treatment, companion animals with the disease live long and happy lives.

    Neuromuscular Disorder

    A neuromuscular disorder is a sudden, involuntary contraction of one or more muscles. Although seizures are mostly harmless, if proper treatment is delayed, the condition can become serious. It is usually caused by prolonged physical exertion. Nevertheless, the cause of muscle cramps may be another, more serious disease. That is why a timely visit to the veterinarian is of particular importance to detect the disease at an early stage.

  • Nutrition & Feeding

    Small dogs like the Scottish Terrier have a fast metabolism, so it is recommended to feed them often, but in small portions. Being prone to health problems, we must feed this important member of our family high-quality dog food. When choosing food, we recommend giving preference to a formula specially created for small breeds.

    Portion control in the feeding process is of particular importance, as Scottish Terriers tend to gain extra weight. The label directions provided by the dog food company should be followed, however, they may need to be adjusted based on the individual needs of your four-legged friend.

    A companion animal’s diet may vary depending on factors such as age, activity level, and health. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a nutritionist to make the best decision regarding nutrition.

  • History of Origin

    Like the Border Collie and the Golden Retriever, the Scottish Terrier was bred in Scotland centuries ago to hunt foxes, badgers, and rats. The exact origin of the breed is somewhat mysterious, but it is believed to be a descendant of the small terriers characteristic of Scotland. Due to its ability to control pests, the Scottish Terrier was especially valued by farmers.

    Scottish Terriers gained popularity beyond the borders of Scotland in the late 19th century and became favorite companion animals of British aristocrats. Interest in the breed increased especially in the 20th century, when such famous personalities as President Franklin D. Roosevelt decided to own the Scottish Terrier. 

    The Scottish Terrier is the only breed that has lived in the US White House three times, during the presidency of Roosevelt, Eisenhower, and George W. Bush. One of the most famous Scotsmen in history is the Greyfriars Bob, who became a symbol of loyalty in Edinburgh in the 19th century. Due to its distinctive appearance and personality, the Scottish Terrier is still considered one of the most desirable companion animals.